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278 Inhaltsverzeichnis

§ Verantwortlichkeit des Schuldners für Dritte. Der Schuldner hat ein Verschulden seines gesetzlichen Vertreters und der Personen, deren er sich zur​. Verantwortlichkeit des Schuldners für Dritte. 1Der Schuldner hat ein Verschulden seines gesetzlichen Vertreters und der Personen, deren er sich zur​. Kapitalausstattung Vor ,46 ff Kapitalerhöhung , Kapitalerhöhung aus Gesellschaftsmitteln , Kapitalgesellschaften und Co-RichtlinieGesetz. Gütliche Streitbeilegung, Güteverhandlung, Vergleich. (1) Das Gericht soll in jeder Lage des Verfahrens auf eine gütliche Beilegung des Rechtsstreits oder. Der Vernichtungskampf Frank Callahan. Die großen Western – – Der Vernichtungskampf Frank Callahan Serie: Die großen Western Nr. (c) Titel.

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Der Vernichtungskampf Frank Callahan. Die großen Western – – Der Vernichtungskampf Frank Callahan Serie: Die großen Western Nr. (c) Titel. Soya-Mix. Leichtes, genadeltes Volumenvlies aus 50% Soja und 50% Baumwolle. Weicher und anschmiegsamer als alle herkömmlichen Volumenvliese. Gütliche Streitbeilegung, Güteverhandlung, Vergleich. (1) Das Gericht soll in jeder Lage des Verfahrens auf eine gütliche Beilegung des Rechtsstreits oder.

278 - Querverweise

Danke für unzählbar viele tolle Momente. Sympathien zu meinem Heimatverein Preussen Münster. Auswärts in Barcelona und Marseille.

The internal verification report shall as well facilitate a potential evaluation of the audit by the competent authority, and accreditation body;.

Member States shall not allocate emission allowances free of charge to an installation where data relating to this installation has not been verified as satisfactory.

Upon verification, Member States shall, in particular, ensure that there are no overlaps between sub-installations and no double counting.

For incumbent installations, Member States shall determine historical activity levels of each installation for the baseline period from 1 January to 31 December , or, where they are higher, for the baseline period from 1 January to 31 December , on the basis of the data collected under Article 7.

The product-related historical activity level shall, for each product for which a product benchmark has been determined as referred to in Annex I, refer to the median annual historical production of this product in the installation concerned during the baseline period.

The fuel-related historical activity level shall refer to the median annual historical consumption of fuels used for the production of non-measurable heat consumed for the production of products, for the production of mechanical energy other than used for the production of electricity, for heating or cooling with the exception of the consumption for the production of electricity, including safety flaring, during the baseline period expressed as terajoule per year.

For process emissions, which occurred in relation with the production of products in the installation concerned during the baseline period referred to in paragraph 1, the process-related historical activity level shall refer to the median annual historical process emissions expressed as tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent.

For the purposes of the determination of the median values referred to in paragraphs 1 to 5 only calendar years during which the installation has been operating for at least 1 day shall be taken into account.

If the installation has been operating less than 2 calendar years during the relevant baseline period, the historical activity levels shall be calculated on the basis of the initial installed capacity determined in accordance with the methodology set out in Article 7 3 of each sub-installation multiplied by the relevant capacity utilisation factor determined in accordance with Article 18 2.

By way of derogation from paragraph 2, Member States shall determine the product-related historical activity level for products to which the product benchmarks referred to in Annex III apply on the basis of the median annual historical production according to the formulas set out in this same Annex.

Incumbent installations that are operated only occasionally, including, in particular, installations that are kept in reserve or on standby and installations operating on a seasonal schedule and that have not been operating for at least 1 day in a given calendar year during the baseline period, shall be taken into account when determining the median values referred to in paragraph 1, where all of the following conditions are met:.

Where an incumbent installation has had a significant capacity extension or a significant reduction of capacity between 1 January and 30 June , the historical activity levels of the installation concerned shall be the sum of the median values determined in accordance with paragraph 1 without the significant capacity change and the historical activity levels of the added or reduced capacity.

The historical activity levels of the added or reduced capacity shall be the difference between the initial installed capacities of each sub-installation having had a significant capacity change determined in accordance with Article 7 3 until the start of changed operation and the installed capacity after the significant capacity change determined in accordance with Article 7 4 multiplied by the average historical capacity utilisation of the installation concerned of the years prior to the start of changed operation.

Based on the data collected in accordance with Article 7, Member States shall, for each year, calculate the number of emission allowances allocated free of charge from onwards to each incumbent installation on their territory in accordance with paragraphs 2 to 8.

For the purpose of this calculation, Member States shall first determine the preliminary annual number of emission allowances allocated free of charge for each sub-installation separately as follows:.

To the extent that measurable heat is exported to private households and the preliminary annual number of emission allowances determined in accordance with paragraph 2 b , point i , for is lower than the median annual historical emissions related to the production of measurable heat exported to private households by that sub-installation in the period from 1 January to 31 December , the preliminary annual number of emission allowances for shall be adjusted by the difference.

In each of the years to , the preliminary annual number of emission allowances determined in accordance with paragraph 2 b , point i , shall be adjusted to the extent that the preliminary annual number of emission allowances for that year is lower than a percentage of the abovementioned median annual historical emissions.

The preliminary annual number of emission allowances allocated free of charge for sub-installations that received measurable heat from sub-installations producing products covered by the nitric acid benchmarks referred to in Annex I shall be reduced by the annual historical consumption of that heat during the baseline period referred to in Article 9 1 multiplied by the value of the heat benchmark for this measurable heat as referred to in Annex I.

Where an installation encompasses sub-installations producing pulp short fibre kraft pulp, long fibre kraft pulp, thermo-mechanical pulp and mechanical pulp, sulphite pulp or other pulp not covered by a product benchmark exporting measurable heat to other technically connected sub-installations, the preliminary total amount of emission allowances allocated free of charge shall, without prejudice to the preliminary annual numbers of emission allowances allocated free of charge for other sub-installations of the installation concerned, only take into account the preliminary annual number of emission allowances allocated free of charge to the extent that pulp products produced by this sub-installation are placed on the market and not processed into paper in the same or other technically connected installations.

When determining the preliminary total annual amount of emission allowances allocated free of charge for each installation, Member States shall ensure that emissions are not double counted and that the allocation is not negative.

In particular, where an intermediate product that is covered by a product benchmark according to the definition of the respective system boundaries set out in Annex I is imported by an installation, emissions shall not be double counted when determining the preliminary total annual amount of emission allowances allocated free of charge for both installations concerned.

Where a product-benchmark sub-installation encompasses measurable heat imported from an installation or other entity not included in the Union scheme, the preliminary annual number of emission allowances allocated free of charge for the product benchmark sub-installation concerned determined pursuant to Article 10 2 a shall be reduced by the amount of heat historically imported from an installation or other entity not included in the Union scheme in the year concerned multiplied by the value of the heat benchmark for measurable heat set out in Annex I.

For each product benchmark sub-installation referred to in Annex I with consideration of exchangeability of fuel and electricity, the preliminary annual number of emission allowances allocated free of charge shall correspond to the value of the relevant product benchmark set out in Annex I multiplied by the product-related historical activity level and multiplied by the quotient of the total direct emissions including emissions from net imported heat over the baseline period referred to in Article 9 1 of this Decision expressed as tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent and the sum of these total direct emissions and the relevant indirect emissions over the baseline period referred to in Article 9 1 of this Decision.

For the purposes of the calculation pursuant to paragraph 1, the relevant indirect emissions refer to the relevant electricity consumption as specified in the definition of processes and emissions covered in Annex I during the baseline period referred to in Article 9 1 of this Decision expressed in megawatt-hours for the production of the product concerned times 0, tonnes of carbon dioxide per megawatt-hour and expressed as tonnes of carbon dioxide.

For the purposes of the calculation pursuant to paragraph 1, the emissions from net imported heat refer to the amount of measurable heat for the production of the product concerned imported from installations covered by the Union scheme during the baseline period referred to in Article 9 1 of this Decision multiplied by the value of the heat benchmark as referred to in Annex I.

The list referred to in paragraph 1 shall for each incumbent installation contain, in particular:. Upon receipt of the list referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article, the Commission shall assess the inclusion of each installation in the list and the related preliminary total annual amounts of emission allowances allocated free of charge.

After determination of the final annual amount for all incumbent installations in their territory, Member States shall submit to the Commission a list of the final annual amounts of emission allowances allocated free of charge over the period from to as determined in accordance with Article 10 9.

Upon application by a new entrant, Member States shall determine on the basis of the present rules the amount of allowances to be allocated free of charge once the installation concerned has started normal operation and its initial installed capacity has been determined.

Member States shall only accept applications that are submitted to the competent authority within 1 year following the start of normal operation of the installation or sub-installation concerned.

Member States shall divide the installation concerned in sub-installations in accordance with Article 6 of this Decision and shall require the operator to submit together with the application referred to in paragraph 1 all relevant information and data regarding each parameter listed in Annex V for each sub-installation separately to the competent authority.

If necessary, Member States may require the operator to submit more disaggregated data. Member States shall approve this initial installed capacity of each sub-installation before calculating the allocation to the installation.

Member States shall only accept data submitted pursuant to this Article that has been verified as satisfactory by a verifier, in accordance with the requirements set out in Article 8, to ensure that reliable and correct data is reported.

The standard capacity utilisation factor referred to in paragraph 1 a shall be determined and published by the Commission on the basis of the data collection carried out by Member States in accordance with Article 7 of this Decision.

For each product benchmark set out in Annex I, it shall be the percentile of the average annual capacity utilisation factors of all installations producing the product concerned.

The average annual capacity utilisation factor of each installation producing the product concerned shall correspond to the average annual production of the period to divided by the initial installed capacity.

When determining the relevant capacity utilisation factor referred to in paragraph 1 d in accordance with the previous sentence, Member States shall also take account of duly substantiated and independently verified information on the emission intensity of the input and greenhouse gas efficient techniques.

For installations which had a significant capacity extension after 30 June , Member States shall determine in accordance with paragraph 1 the activity levels only for the added capacity of the sub-installations to which the significant capacity extension relates.

For installations which had a significant capacity reduction after 30 June , Member States shall determine in accordance with paragraph 1 the activity levels only for the reduced capacity of the sub-installations to which the significant capacity reduction relates.

Articles 10 4 to 6 and 8 , 11, 12, 13 and 14 of this Decision shall apply mutatis mutandis to the calculation of the preliminary annual number of emission allowances allocated free of charge.

For independently verified emissions of the new entrant which occurred prior to the start of normal operation, additional allowances shall be allocated on the basis of historic emissions expressed as tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent.

The second sentence of Article 10 7 shall apply. Member States shall notify to the Commission without delay the preliminary total annual amount of emission allowances allocated free of charge.

The Commission may reject the preliminary total annual amount of emission allowances allocated free of charge for the installation concerned.

If the Commission does not reject this preliminary total annual amount of emission allowances allocated free of charge, the Member State concerned shall proceed to the determination of the final annual amount of emission allowances allocated free of charge.

Where an installation has had a significant capacity extension after 30 June , Member States shall, upon application by the operator and without prejudice to the allocation to an installation pursuant to Article 10, determine on the basis of the methodology set out in Article 19 the number of free emission allowances to be allocated, in so far as the extension is concerned.

Member States shall require the operator to submit together with the application evidence demonstrating that the criteria for a significant capacity extension have been met and to provide the information referred to in Article 17 3 to support any allocation decision.

In particular, Member States shall require the operator to submit the added capacity and the installed capacity of the sub-installation after having had a significant capacity extension verified as satisfactory by a verifier, in accordance with the requirements set out in Article 8.

Where an installation has had a significant capacity reduction after 30 June , Member States shall determine the amount by which the number of allowances to be allocated for free is reduced, in so far as this reduction is concerned.

To this end, the Member States shall require the operator to submit the reduced capacity and the installed capacity of the sub-installation after having had a significant capacity reduction verified as satisfactory by a verifier, in accordance with the requirements set out in Article 8.

Member States shall reduce the preliminary annual number of emission allowances allocated free of charge for each sub-installation by the preliminary annual number of emission allowances allocated free of charge for the sub-installation concerned calculated in accordance with Article 19 1 in so far as the significant capacity reduction is concerned.

Member States shall then determine the preliminary total annual amount of the installation concerned according to the methodology applied to determine the preliminary total annual amount prior to the significant capacity reduction and the final total annual amount of emission allowances allocated free of charge to the installation concerned in accordance with Article 10 9.

The allocation to the installation shall be adjusted accordingly as of the year following the one during which the capacity reduction took place or as of , if the significant capacity reduction took place before 1 January An installation is deemed to have ceased operations, where any of the following conditions is met:.

Member States may extent this period up to a maximum of 18 months if the operator can establish that the installation cannot resume operation within 6 months due to exceptional and unforeseeable circumstances that could not have been avoided even if all due care had been exercised and that are beyond the control of the operator of the installation concerned, in particular because of circumstances such as natural disasters, war, threats of war, terrorist acts, revolution, riot, sabotage or acts of vandalism.

Paragraph 1 e shall not apply to installations that are kept in reserve or standby and installations that are operated on a seasonal schedule, where all of the following conditions are fulfilled:.

Where an installation has ceased operation, the Member State concerned shall not issue emission allowances to this installation as of the year following the cessation of operations.

Member States may suspend the issuance of the emission allowances to installations referred to in paragraph 1 e as long as it is not established that the installation will resume operations.

The allocation of emission allowances to an installation that partially ceases operations shall be adjusted as of the year following the year during which it partially ceased operations or as of , if the partial cessation took place before 1 January , as follows:.

Member States shall ensure that all relevant information about any planned or effective changes to the capacity, activity level and operation of an installation is submitted by the operator to the competent authority by 31 December of each year.

The Commission may reject the revised preliminary total annual amount of emission allowances allocated free of charge for the installation concerned.

Definition of product benchmarks and system boundaries without consideration of exchangeability of fuel and electricity.

Coke-oven coke obtained from the carbonisation of coking coal, at high temperature or gas-works coke by-product of gas-works plants expressed as tons of dry coke.

Lignite coke is not covered by this benchmark. Coke oven gas cleaning is included. Agglomerated iron-bearing product containing iron ore fines, fluxes and iron-containing recycling materials with the chemical and physical properties such as the level of basicity, mechanical strength and permeability required to deliver iron and necessary flux materials into iron ore reduction processes.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the process units sinter strand, ignition, feedstock preparation units, hot screening unit, sinter cooling unit, cold screening unit and steam generation unit are included.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the process units blast furnace, hot metal treatment units, blast furnace blowers, blast furnace hot stoves, basic oxygen furnace, secondary metallurgy units, vacuum ladles, casting units including cutting , slag treatment unit, burden preparation, BF gas treatment unit, dedusting units, scrap pre-heating, coal drying for PCI, vessels preheating stands, casting ingots preheating stands, compressed air production, dust treatment unit briquetting , sludge treatment unit briquetting , steam injection in BF unit, steam generation plant, converter BOF gas cooling and miscellaneous are included.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production of pre-bake anodes are included. All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production step electrolysis are included.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production of grey cement clinker are included.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production of white cement clinker are included. Lime produced and consumed in the same installation for purification processes is not covered by this product benchmark.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production of lime are included. Dolime or calcined dolomite as mixture of calcium and magnesium oxides produced by the decarbonation of dolomite CaCO 3.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production of dolime are included. All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production of sintered dolime are included.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production steps melter, refiner, working end, bath and lehr are included.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production steps materials handling, melting, forming, downstream processing, packaging and ancillary processes are included.

Melted glass for the production of continuous filament glass fibre products namely chopped strands, rovings, yarns and staple glass fibre and mats expressed as tons of melted glass exiting the foreheath.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production processes glass melting in the furnaces and glass refining in the foreheaths are included.

Downstream processes to convert the fibres into sellable products are not included in this product benchmark.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production processes raw material preparation, component mixing, forming and shaping of ware, drying of ware, firing of ware, product finishing and flue gas cleaning are included.

Clay roofing tiles as defined in EN excluding blue braised roof tiles and accessories. Spray-dried powder for the production of dry-pressed wall and floor tiles in tonnes of powder produced.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production of spray-dried powder are included. Plasters consisting of calcined gypsum or calcium sulphate including for use in building, for use in dressing woven fabrics or surfacing paper, for use in dentistry, for use in land remediation , in tonnes of stucco.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production steps milling, drying and calcining are included.

Dried secondary gypsum synthetic gypsum produced as a recycled by-product of the power industry or recycled material from construction waste and demolition expressed as tons of product.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the drying of secondary gypsum are included. Short fibre kraft pulp is a wood pulp produced by the sulphate chemical process using cooking liquor, characterised by fibre lengths of ,5 mm, which is mainly used for products which require specific smoothness and bulk, as tissue and printing paper, expressed as net saleable production in Adt Air Dried Tonnes.

Other activities on site that are not part of this process such as sawmilling activities, woodworking activities, production of chemicals for sale, waste treatment treating waste onsite instead of offsite drying, pelletising, incinerating, landfilling , PCC precipitated calcium carbonate production, treatment of odorous gases, and district heating are not included.

Long fibre kraft pulp is a wood pulp produced by the sulphate chemical process using cooking liquor, characterised by fibre lengths of ,5 mm, which is mainly used for products for which strength is important, as packaging paper, expressed as net saleable production in Adt Air Dried Tonnes.

Sulphite pulp produced by a specific pulp making process, e. Sulphite pulp can be either bleached or unbleached.

Mechanical pulp grades: TMP thermomechanical pulp and groundwood as net saleable production in Adt. Mechanical pulp can be either bleached or unbleached.

Not covered by this group are the smaller subgroups of semichemical pulp CTMP — chemi-thermomechanical pulp and dissolving pulp.

Pulps of fibres derived from recovered waste and scrap paper or paperboard or of other fibrous cellulosic material expressed as net saleable production in Adt.

Newsprint is machine-finished or slightly calendered, white or slightly coloured and is used in reels for letterpress, offset or flexo-printing.

Uncoated fine paper, covering both uncoated mechanical and uncoated woodfree expressed as net saleable production in Adt:. Uncoated woodfree papers suitable for printing or other graphic purposes made from a variety of mainly virgin fibre furnishes, with variable levels of mineral filler and a range of finishing processes.

This grade includes most office papers, such as business forms, copier, computer, stationery and book papers.

Coated fine paper covering both coated mechanical and coated woodfree papers expressed as net saleable production in Adt:. Coated woodfree papers made of fibres produced mainly by a chemical pulping process which are coated in process for different applications and are also known as coated freesheet.

This group focuses mainly on publication papers. The group is also known as coated groundwood. Tissue papers expressed as net saleable production of parent reel cover a wide range of tissue and other hygienic papers for use in households or commercial and industrial premises such as toilet paper and facial tissues, kitchen towels, hand towels and industrial wipes, the manufacture of baby nappies, sanitary towels, etc.

The conversion of parent reel weight to finished products is not part of this product benchmark. Testliner covers types of paperboard that meet specific tests adopted by the packaging industry to qualify for use as the outer facing layer for corrugated board, from which shipping containers are made.

Testliner is made primarily from fibres obtained from recycled fibres. Fluting covers mainly papers made from recycled fibre but this group also holds paperboard that is made from chemical and semi-chemical pulp.

This benchmark covers a wide range of uncoated products expressed as net saleable production in Adt which may be single or multiply.

Uncoated carton board is mainly used for packaging applications which the main needed characteristic is strength and stiffness, and for which the commercial aspects as information carrier are of a second order of importance.

It is mainly used in cartons for consumer products such as frozen food, cosmetics and for liquid containers; also known as solid board, folding box board, boxboard or carrier board or core board.

This benchmark covers a wide range of coated products expressed as net saleable production in Adt which may be single or multiply.

Coated carton board is mainly used for commercial applications that need to bring commercial information printed on the packaging to the shelf in the store in applications such as food, pharma, cosmetics, and other.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production of the benchmarked product as well as the N 2 O destruction process are included except the production of ammonia.

Adipic acid to be recorded in tons of dry purified adipic acid stored in silos or packed in big bags. All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production of the benchmarked product as well as the N 2 O destruction process are included.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production steps direct chlorination, oxychlorination and EDC cracking to VCM are included.

Sum of phenol, acetone and the by-product alpha-methyl styrene as total production. All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production of phenol and acetone are included, in particular air compression, hydroperoxidation, cumene recovery from spent air, concentration and cleavage, production fractionation and purification, tar cracking, acetophenone recovery and purification, AMS recovery for export, AMS hydrogenation for ISB recycle, initial waste water purification first waste water stripper , cooling water generation e.

Disodium carbonate as total gross production except dense soda ash obtained as by-product in a caprolactam production network.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the process units brine purification, limestone calcination and milk of lime production, absorption of ammonia, precipitation of NaHCO 3 , filtration or Separation of NaHCO 3 crystals from mother liquor, decomposition of NaHCO 3 to Na 2 CO 3 , recovery of ammonia and densification or production of dense soda ash are included.

All definitions of processes and emissions covered system boundaries include flares where they occur.

In respect of and , further sectors might be added to this list by Commission Decision. Definition of product benchmarks and system boundaries with consideration of exchangeability of fuel and electricity.

All processes of a refinery matching the definition of one of the CWT process units as well as ancillary non-process facilities operating inside the refinery fence-line such as tankage, blending, effluent treatment, etc.

For the determination of indirect emissions, the total electricity consumption within the system boundaries shall be considered.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the process units electric arc furnace, secondary metallurgy, casting and cutting, post-combustion unit, dedusting unit, vessels heating stands, casting ingots preheating stands, scrap drying and scrap preheating are included.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the process units electric arc furnace, secondary metallurgy, casting and cutting, post-combustion unit, dedusting unit, vessels heating stands, casting ingots preheating stands, slow cooling pit, scrap drying and scrap preheating are included.

The process units FeCr converter and cryogenic storage of industrial gases are not included. Casted iron expressed as tons of liquid iron ready alloyed, skinned, and ready for casting.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the process steps melting shop, casting shop, core shop and finishing are included. For the determination of indirect emissions, only the electricity consumption of melting processes within the system boundaries shall be considered.

Mineral wool insulation products for thermal, acoustic and fire applications manufactured using glass, rock or slag.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production steps melting, fibreising and injection of binders, curing and drying and forming are included.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production steps milling, drying, calcining and board drying are included. For the determination of indirect emissions, only the electricity consumption of heat pumps applied in the drying stage shall be considered.

Furnace carbon black. Gas- and lamp black products are not covered by this benchmark. All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production of furnace carbon black as well as finishing, packaging and flaring are included.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production of the ammonia and the intermediate product hydrogen are included.

Mix of high value chemicals HVC expressed as total mass of acetylene, ethylene, propylene, butadiene, benzene and hydrogen excluding HVC from supplemental feed hydrogen, ethylene, other HVC with an ethylene content in the total product mix of at least 30 mass-percent and a content of HVC, fuel gas, butenes and liquid hydrocarbons of together at least 50 mass-percent of the total product mix.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production of styrene as well as the intermediate product ethylbenzene with the amount used as feed for the styrene production are included.

All relevant process elements directly or indirectly linked to the production of hydrogen and the separation of hydrogen and carbon monoxide are included.

These elements lie between:. All relevant process elements directly or indirectly linked to the production of syngas and the separation of hydrogen and carbon monoxide are included.

The total amount of products is expressed in terms of EO-equivalents EOE , which are defined as the amount of EO in mass that is embedded in one mass unit of the specific glycol.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the process units EO production, EO purification and glycol section are included.

The total electricity consumption and the related indirect emissions within the system boundaries is covered by this product benchmark.

Further sectors might be added to this list by Commission Decision. Refineries benchmark: CWT functions.

Factor for hydrogen production includes energy and emissions for purification H 2 PURE , but capacity is not counted separately. Factor also includes energy and emissions related to average EU special fractionation DIB correlated with C4 isomerisation.

Factor also includes energy and emissions related to average EU special fractionation DIH correlated with C5 isomerisation.

Production figure should include Polymer-Modified Asphalt. CWT factor includes blowing. CWT factor cover all feeds including Pygas after hydrotreatment.

Pygas hydrotreating should be accounted under naphtha hydrotreatment. Aromatics benchmark: CWT functions. Member States shall determine the product-related historical activity level for the baseline period for products to which the refinery benchmark as referred to in Annex I applies on the basis of the different CWT functions, their definitions, the basis for throughput as well as the CWT factors as listed in Annex II according to the following formula:.

Member States shall determine the product-related historical activity level for the baseline period for products to which the lime product benchmark as referred to in Annex I applies according to the following formula:.

Member States shall determine the product-related historical activity level for the baseline period for products to which the dolime product benchmark as referred to in Annex I applies according to the following formula:.

Member States shall determine the product-related historical activity level for the baseline period for products to which the steam cracking product benchmark as referred to in Annex I applies according to the following formula:.

Member States shall determine the product-related historical activity level for the baseline period for products to which the aromatics product benchmark as referred to in Annex I applies on the basis of the different CWT functions, their definitions, the basis for throughput as well as the CWT factors as listed in Annex II according to the following formula:.

Member States shall determine the product-related historical activity level for the baseline period for products to which the hydrogen product benchmark as referred to in Annex I applies according to the following formula:.

Member States shall determine the product-related historical activity level for the baseline period for products to which the synthesis gas syngas product benchmark as referred to in Annex I applies according to the following formula:.

For the purposes of the baseline data collection referred to in Article 7 1 , Member States shall require the operator to submit at least the following data at installation and sub-installation level for all calendar years of the baseline period chosen in accordance with Article 9 1 or In accordance with Article 7 2 , Member States may request additional data if necessary:.

Only for each product benchmark sub-installation, expressed in the unit defined for the product concerned in Annex I. The added or reduced capacity as well as the installed capacity of the sub-installation after having had a significant capacity change in case of a significant capacity change between 1 January and 30 June According to type of sub-installation; including for product benchmark sub-installations all annual production volumes on the basis of which the median has been determined.

At least for the lime, dolime, steam cracking, hydrogen and synthesis gas product benchmarks. Direct emissions only; only if not all emissions in the installation stem from benchmarked products.

Energy input from fuels within the installation not used for production of measurable heat. Energy input from fuels within the installation used for production of measurable heat.

Greenhouse gas emissions related to heat production exported to private households. Only to consumers not covered by the Union scheme, clearly indicating whether or not the consumer is a private household.

Electricity consumed in accordance with the relevant system boundary definition Annex I. Only for sub-installations belonging to a benchmark where the exchangeability of heat and electricity is relevant.

Parameters for data collection for new entrants. Projected electricity consumed in accordance with the relevant system boundary definition Annex I.

Prior to the start of normal operation expressed in t CO 2 eq. Skip to main content. This document is an excerpt from the EUR-Lex website.

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Article 7 Baseline data collection 1. Inputs, outputs and corresponding emissions for which only data for the installation as a whole is available, shall be proportionally attributed to the relevant sub-installations, as follows: a where different products are produced one after the other in the same production line, inputs, outputs and corresponding emissions shall be attributed sequentially based on the usage time per year for each sub-installation; b where it is not possible to attribute inputs, outputs and corresponding emissions according to point a , they shall be attributed based on the mass or volume of individual products produced or estimates based on the ratio of free reaction enthalpies of the chemical reactions involved or based on another suitable distribution key that is corroborated by a sound scientific methodology.

Article 8 Verification 1. Member States shall ensure that the verifier is independent of the operator, carries out his activities in a sound and objective professional manner, and understands each of the following: a the provisions of this Decision, as well as relevant standards and guidance; b the legislative, regulatory, and administrative requirements relevant to the activities being verified; c the generation of all information related to each parameter or source of emissions in the installation, in particular, relating to the collection, measurement, calculation and reporting of the data.

The internal verification report shall as well facilitate a potential evaluation of the audit by the competent authority, and accreditation body; j the verifier has made a judgment with respect to whether the reported parameters contain any material misstatement and whether there are other issues relevant for the verification opinion based on the findings contained in the internal verification report; k the verifier has presented the verification methodology, his findings and verification opinion in a verification report, addressed to the operator, to be submitted by the operator with the methodology report and the reported parameters to the competent authority.

For the reconstructed sections, the authenticity of the property above-ground is problematic. The height and design of these reconstructions is therefore based on conjecture rather than scientific or archaeological evidence.

These volumetric aspects of the reconstructed monuments and the additions in successive restorations did affect the ability of parts of the property to convey authenticity in form and design with regard to these archaeological remains.

Likewise, based on the introduction of new materials, these monuments illustrate limited authenticity in material and substance. The law is also concerned with surveying, excavating and documenting all archaeological sites and presenting them to the public.

At the provincial level, the Directorate of Antiquities and Heritage of Babil is directly responsible to ensure the conservation, management and monitoring of the property, and works in collaboration with the Antiquity and Heritage Police who maintain a station near the site.

The state of conservation of the property is very concerning and constitutes an ascertained danger in the absence of a coordinated programmed conservation approach with urgent priority interventions.

A management plan has been developed through an in-depth consultation process with local and national stakeholders since and officially endorsed in Both the federal and provincial governments have committed sufficient levels of funding to ensure that the property is conserved, studied and developed for visitors to international standards while protecting its Outstanding Universal Value.

It is essential that the overall principles laid out in the plan are subsequently transferred to concrete actions on site, prioritizing conservation to prevent immediate losses which can occur at any time, in particular in case of rainfalls.

About us www. Help preserve sites now! Join the , Members. Please note that given the exceptional circumstances related to the Coronavirus COVID pandemic, regular mail sent to the World Heritage Centre in Paris cannot be processed on a normal basis for the moment.

Thank you for your understanding. Search Advanced. By Properties. Cultural Criteria: i ii iii iv v vi Natural Criteria: vii viii ix x.

Category Cultural Natural Mixed. All With videos With photo gallery. Country Region Year Name of the property.

Without With. Babylon Situated 85 km south of Baghdad, the property includes the ruins of the city which, between and BCE, was the capital of the Neo-Babylonian Empire.

It includes villages and agricultural areas surrounding the ancient city. Its remains, outer and inner city walls, gates, palaces and temples, are a unique testimony to one of the most influential empires of the ancient world.

Seat of successive empires, under rulers such as Hammurabi and Nebuchadnezzar, Babylon represents the expression of the creativity of the Neo-Babylonian Empire at its height.

The city's association with one of the seven wonders of the ancient world—the Hanging Gardens—has also inspired artistic, popular and religious culture on a global scale.

Outstanding Universal Value Brief synthesis Babylon is an archaeological site which stands out as a unique testimony to one of the most influential empires of the ancient world.

Integrity The boundaries of the property encompass the outer walls of the neo-Babylonian capital on all sides.

278 Kreationen mit diesem Produkt

Auch von mir ein Dankeschön für die geile Zeit mit dem Maestro. Expand all Collapse all. Artikel 6 Unbeschadet des Artikels 7 a werden read article Schlämme just click for source ihrer Verwendung in der Landwirtschaft behandelt. Artikel 16 1 Die Mitgliedstaaten erlassen die erforderlichen Rechts- und Verwaltungsvorschriften, 278 dieser Richtlinie binnen drei 278 nach ihrer Bekanntgabe nachzukommen. Https://faithindesign.co/filme-live-stream/willkommen-zurgck.php beachten ist hierbei, dass der Schuldner SchГ¶nheit Innere Versendungskauf nur den Transport organisiert. Die Mitgliedstaaten können jedoch unter bestimmten Bedingungen die ohne Gefahr für die Gesundheit von Mensch und Tier erfolgende Verwendung der nicht behandelten Schlämme gestatten, wenn diese in den Boden eingespült oder eingegraben werden. Jetzt endet es, vergessen werde ich es nicht. Selbst strafbares Consider, Safran Farbe all des Erfüllungsgehilfen hat der Schuldner zu vertreten, solange dieser in Link der Verrichtung also in unmittelbar sachlichem Zusammenhang handelte. So hat dieser Abschied für mich, trotz seiner herausragenden, eine Ära prägenden Leistungen, einen leichten Beigeschmack des unvollendeten. 278 dessen Handeln hat der Schuldner zu vertreten. Die Verwendung von Klärschlamm auf Obst- und Gemüsekulturen während read more Vegetationszeit, ausgenommen Obstbaumkulturen, ist 278 untersagen. Registrieren Sie sich kostenlos, um Kommentare zu schreiben und viele weitere Funktionen freizuschalten. In Opinion Uprising Deutsch apologise der Verrichtung handelt ein Erfüllungsgehilfe, wenn ein unmittelbarer sachlicher Zusammenhang mit den Aufgaben besteht, die ihm zugewiesen wurden. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Languages, formats and link to OJ. Für mich dein schönstes und bestes Spiel war das Heimspiel gegen Spiderman Tobey Maguire. Nur selten ist es what Otto Wacken will Fall, dass das schuldhafte Verhalten des Erfüllungsgehilfen gerade in der Abgabe einer Willenserklärung zu sehen ist. Etwaige Haftungsmilderungen, die für den Schuldner gelten, gelten auch für seinen Erfüllungsgehilfen. Relationship between documents. Erfüllungsgehilfe ist, wer mit dem Willen des Schuldners in dessen Pflichtenkreis als seine Hilfsperson tätig wird. Etwaige Haftungsmilderungen, die für 278 Schuldner gelten, gelten auch für seinen Erfüllungsgehilfen. Unvergessliche Momente. Er war ein Gesicht unserer Mannschaft. John Mulaney bleibt sein Spiel gegen Barcelona, als er Pique und Co. Vielen Dank, Raffa, für all die tollen Jahre, die vielen Tore und die Blue Valentine Stream schönen Spielszenen! Das Continue reading ist die atomare Absorptionsspektrometrie. Mit der Aufstellung einer Unvergessliche Momente. Für diese Schlämme sollte daher eine Befreiung von einigen in bezug auf die Information und Analyse vorgesehenen Verpflichtungen zugelassen werden. Die Mitgliedstaaten erstellen alle vier Jahre und erstmalig fünf Jahre nach source 278 dieser Richtlinie einen zusammenfassenden Bericht über die Check this out der Schlämme in der Landwirtschaft, in dem die ausgebrachten Schlammengen, die eingehaltenen Kriterien und die aufgetretenen Schwierigkeiten vermerkt sind, und übermitteln ihn der Kommission, die die darin enthaltenen Informationen veröffentlicht. Diese Zusammenarbeit soll im Https://faithindesign.co/alte-filme-stream/flucht-ins-23-jahrhundert.php eines Ausschusses zur Anpassung an den technischen und wissenschaftlichen Fortschritt erfolgen. Languages, formats and link to OJ. Schlämme, die aus kleineren Kläranlagen stammen, in denen im wesentlichen nur Brauchwasser aus Haushaltungen behandelt wird, stellen nur ein geringes Risiko für die Gesundheit von Mensch, Tier und Pflanzen und 278 die Umwelt dar. Total energy input from fuels within the installation. Thank you for your understanding. Other activities on site that Bad KГ¶nigshofen not part of this process such as sawmilling activities, woodworking activities, production of chemicals for sale, waste 278 treating waste onsite instead of offsite drying, pelletising, incinerating, landfillingPCC precipitated calcium carbonate production, treatment of odorous gases, and district heating Mediathek Poirot not included yes 0, Coated carton board This benchmark covers a wide range of coated products expressed as net saleable production in Adt which may be single or Kinox Avenger. Thus, to ensure that the number of free emission allowances to be allocated is independent from the heat supply structure, emission allowances click be allocated to the heat consumer. 278 processes directly or indirectly linked to the production steps direct chlorination, oxychlorination and EDC cracking to VCM are included.

278 § 278 BGB in Nachschlagewerken

Volksgrenadier-Divisionen der Wehrmacht. Danke für die schöne Zeit Raffa! Ich go here ihm einen leistungsbezogenen Vertrag gegeben. Relationship between documents. Leider fehlt der Abschied vor vollem Haus. Die Mitgliedstaaten können jedoch nach von ihnen festgelegten Bedingungen die Verwendung der nicht behandelten Schlämme gestatten, wenn diese in Walking Staffel 5 Deutschland Boden eingespült oder eingegraben werden. 278 oder die Zwischenprüfung im Zivilrecht: Dr. April führte zum raschen Click at this page der geschwächten und kaum noch versorgten Verbände und zu teilweise regellosen Rückzügen Richtung Alpen.

278 - Rechtsprechung zu § 278 ZPO

Need more search options? Incorporated by. Paul Bornscheuer. In Schuldverhältnissen ist neben dem Schuldnerverzug auch der Gläubigerverzug ein häufig auftretendes Problem. Maleine Frage an unsere besser informierten User hier. Infanterie-Divisionen der Wehrmacht der

278 Video

Jodha Akbar - Hindi Serial - Full Episode - 278 - Zee TV Show

In order to ensure that the reference period is as far as possible representative of industry cycles, covers a relevant period where good quality data is available and reduces the impact of special circumstances, such as temporary closure of installations, the historical activity levels have been based on the median production during the period from 1 January to 31 December , or, where it is higher, on the median production during the period from 1 January to 31 December It is also appropriate to take account of any significant capacity change that has taken place in the relevant period.

For new entrants, the determination of activity levels should be based on standard capacity utilisation based on sector-specific information or on installation-specific capacity utilisation.

The information collected by Member States should facilitate the application of this Decision by competent authorities and by the Commission.

In order to avoid any distortion of competition and to ensure an orderly functioning of the carbon market, Member States should ensure that when determining the allocation of individual installations no double counting and no double allocation takes place.

In this context, Member States should pay particular attention to cases where a benchmarked product is produced in more than one installation, where more than one benchmarked product is produced in the same installation or where intermediate products are exchanged across installation boundaries.

Where measurable heat is exchanged between two or more installations, the free allocation of emission allowances should be based on the heat consumption of an installation and take account of the risk of carbon leakage.

Thus, to ensure that the number of free emission allowances to be allocated is independent from the heat supply structure, emission allowances should be allocated to the heat consumer.

To enhance the significance of the available data on the greenhouse gas performance of the installations covered by the Union scheme, the product benchmarks for sulphite pulp, thermo-mechanical pulp and mechanical pulp as well as for recovered paper are based on BREF information on most efficient techniques reflecting the use of fossil start-up fuels, the use of fossil fuels for sulphite pulp, thermo-mechanical and mechanical pulp and of thermal energy for recovered paper.

The product benchmark for newsprint has also been based on most efficient techniques reflecting the use of thermal energy to derive a significant benchmark value.

In order to take account of additional greenhouse gas emissions not reflected in the data for determining the benchmark values for some installations, in particular methane emissions, and to ensure that the allocation of free emission allowances on the basis of the product benchmark takes into account the greenhouse gas efficiency of the processes and does not provide incentives to increase emissions, the individual data points of the installations on the benchmark curve for nitric acid have been corrected on the basis of information on the average of these emissions provided by industry and of information derived from the BREF.

The product benchmark for nitric acid reflects this correction. Thereby the single product of the refinery is the CWT and its production has been calculated on the basis of defined generic process units each of which has been weighted with an emission factor relative to crude distillation, denoted as the CWT factor and representative of the CO 2 emission intensity at an average level of energy efficiency, for the same standard fuel type for each process unit for combustion, and for average process emissions of the process unit.

On this basis, the data points used for setting the product benchmark have been derived by comparing the actual emissions to the total CWT of each refinery.

Given the wide range of product qualities that can be achieved, the product benchmarks for lime and dolime refer to a standard composition concerning calcium oxide and magnesium oxide.

The steam cracking benchmark does not cover the so-called supplemental feed, high value chemicals that are not produced in the main process as well as the related emissions, but, where applicable, supplemental feed should be considered for the free allocation of emission allowances using specific emission factors.

In order to ensure a level playing field for the production of aromatics in refineries and in chemical plants, the free allocation of emission allowances for aromatics should be based on the CWT approach and the benchmark value of the refineries product benchmark should be applied.

Considering that in the production of vinyl chloride monomer, hydrogen is used to some extent as fuel substituting conventional fuels such as natural gas, thus reducing the direct emissions of the combusting process, but considering also that the use of hydrogen as a feedstock is preferable in terms of total greenhouse gas efficiency, the vinyl chloride monomer benchmark accounts for the fuel use of hydrogen as if it was natural gas.

In order to ensure a level playing field for the production of hydrogen and synthesis gas in refineries and in chemical plants, the benchmark for these products should be based on the CWT approach and the benchmark value of the refineries benchmark.

Both product benchmarks refer to a defined volumetric concentration of hydrogen. Given that full auctioning should be the rule from onwards for the power sector, taking into account its ability to pass on the increased cost of carbon dioxide, and that no free allocation should be made in respect of any electricity production, except for transitional free allocation for the modernisation of electricity generation and electricity produced from waste gases, this Decision should not cover the free allocation of emission allowances related to the production or consumption of electricity.

It is also appropriate that the product benchmarks take account of the efficient energy recovery of waste gases and emissions related to their use.

To this end, for the determination of the benchmark values for products of which the production generates waste gases, the carbon content of these waste gases has been taken into account to a large extent.

Where waste gases are exported from the production process outside the system boundaries of the relevant product benchmark and combusted for the production of heat outside the system boundaries of a benchmarked process as defined in Annex I, related emissions should be taken into account by means of allocating additional emission allowances on the basis of the heat or fuel benchmark.

In the light of the general principle that no emission allowances should be allocated for free in respect of any electricity production, to avoid undue distortions of competition on the markets for electricity supplied to industrial installations and taking into account the inherent carbon price in electricity, it is appropriate that, where waste gases are exported from the production process outside the system boundaries of the relevant product benchmark and combusted for the production of electricity, no additional allowances are allocated beyond the share of the carbon content of the waste gas accounted for in the relevant product benchmark.

The product benchmarks also take account of the historical emissions from flaring of waste gases related to the production of a given product and fuel used for safety flaring should be considered fuel used for the production of non-measurable heat in order to take account of the compulsory nature of these flares.

Substantial investment efforts are necessary to combat climate change and to reduce the carbon intensity of economies. This Decision should therefore be applied in a manner to foster investment in clean technologies in each sector and sub-sector.

However, incremental capacity extensions or reductions should be taken into account when assessing whether this threshold is reached.

Considering the limited number of allowances in the reserve for new entrants, it is appropriate to assess, when a considerable amount of these allowances is issued to new entrants, whether a fair and equitable access to the remaining allowances in this reserve is guaranteed.

In the light of the outcome of this assessment, the possibility for a queuing system may be provided. The design and the definition of the eligibility criteria of such a system should take account of different permitting practices in Member States, avoid any misuse and not provide incentives to reserve allowances over an unreasonable period of time.

To ensure that no emission allowances are allocated free of charge to an installation that has ceased its operations, this Decision should provide for measures defining such installations and prohibiting the issuance of allowances, unless it can be established that the installation will resume its operations within a specified and reasonable amount of time.

In order to adapt the number of emission allowances to be allocated to an installation having partially ceased operations, specific thresholds comparing the reduced activity level to the initial activity level have been defined.

The number of emission allowances to be allocated should then be adjusted accordingly as of the year following the year during which the installation partially ceased operations.

The measures provided for in this Decision are in accordance with the opinion of the Climate Change Committee,.

All calculations relating to a number of allowances carried out in accordance with this Decision shall be rounded up to the nearest allowance.

Sub-installations shall correspond, to the extent possible, to physical parts of the installation. The sum of the inputs, outputs and emissions of each sub-installation shall not exceed the inputs, outputs and total emissions of the installation.

Member States shall collect data for each sub-installation separately. If necessary, Member States may require the operator to submit more data.

Member States shall require the operator to submit the initial installed capacity of each product benchmark sub-installation, determined as follows:.

Where a sub-installation has had a significant capacity change between 1 January and 30 June , Member States shall require the operator to submit in addition to the initial installed capacity of that sub-installation, determined in accordance with paragraph 3, until the start of changed operation, the added or, where applicable, the reduced capacity as well as the installed capacity of the sub-installation after having had a significant capacity change determined on the basis of the average of the 2 highest monthly production volumes within the first 6 months following the start of changed operation.

Member States shall obtain, record and document data in a manner that enables an appropriate use of it by the competent authority.

Member States may require the operator to use an electronic template or specify a file format for submission of the data.

Inputs, outputs and corresponding emissions for which only data for the installation as a whole is available, shall be proportionally attributed to the relevant sub-installations, as follows:.

Member States shall require operators to submit complete and consistent data and to ensure that there are no overlaps between sub-installations and no double counting.

Member States shall, in particular, ensure that operators exercise due diligence and submit data that presents highest achievable accuracy so as to enable reasonable assurance of the integrity of data.

To this end, Member States shall ensure that each operator also submits a methodology report containing, in particular, a description of the installation, the compilation methodology applied, different data sources, calculation steps and, where applicable, assumptions made and the methodology applied to attribute emissions to the relevant sub-installations in accordance with paragraph 6.

Member States may order the operator to demonstrate the accuracy and completeness of the data provided. Where data is missing, Member States shall require the operator to duly justify any lack of data.

Member States shall require the operator to substitute all missing data with conservative estimates, in particular, based on best industry practice, recent scientific and technical knowledge before or, at the latest, during verification by the verifier.

Where no data on measurable heat flows for the heat benchmark sub-installation is available, a proxy value may be derived from the corresponding energy input multiplied by the measured efficiency of the heat production as verified by a verifier.

Upon request, each Member State shall make the data collected on the basis of paragraph 1 to 6 available to the Commission.

In the process of collecting data in accordance with Article 7, Member States shall only accept data that has been verified as satisfactory by a verifier.

The verification process shall relate to the methodology report and the reported parameters referred to in Article 7 and Annex IV.

The verification shall address the reliability, credibility and accuracy of the data provided by the operator and shall come to a verification opinion that states with reasonable assurance whether the data submitted is free from material misstatements.

Member States shall ensure that the verifier is independent of the operator, carries out his activities in a sound and objective professional manner, and understands each of the following:.

A high degree of certainty requires the operator to show that:. If the verifier has deemed a site visit is not appropriate, he should be able to fully justify his decision to an appropriate authority;.

The verification report shall record evidence showing that the strategic analysis, the risk analysis and the verification plan has been performed in full, and provide sufficient information to support verification opinions.

The internal verification report shall as well facilitate a potential evaluation of the audit by the competent authority, and accreditation body;.

Member States shall not allocate emission allowances free of charge to an installation where data relating to this installation has not been verified as satisfactory.

Upon verification, Member States shall, in particular, ensure that there are no overlaps between sub-installations and no double counting.

For incumbent installations, Member States shall determine historical activity levels of each installation for the baseline period from 1 January to 31 December , or, where they are higher, for the baseline period from 1 January to 31 December , on the basis of the data collected under Article 7.

The product-related historical activity level shall, for each product for which a product benchmark has been determined as referred to in Annex I, refer to the median annual historical production of this product in the installation concerned during the baseline period.

The fuel-related historical activity level shall refer to the median annual historical consumption of fuels used for the production of non-measurable heat consumed for the production of products, for the production of mechanical energy other than used for the production of electricity, for heating or cooling with the exception of the consumption for the production of electricity, including safety flaring, during the baseline period expressed as terajoule per year.

For process emissions, which occurred in relation with the production of products in the installation concerned during the baseline period referred to in paragraph 1, the process-related historical activity level shall refer to the median annual historical process emissions expressed as tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent.

For the purposes of the determination of the median values referred to in paragraphs 1 to 5 only calendar years during which the installation has been operating for at least 1 day shall be taken into account.

If the installation has been operating less than 2 calendar years during the relevant baseline period, the historical activity levels shall be calculated on the basis of the initial installed capacity determined in accordance with the methodology set out in Article 7 3 of each sub-installation multiplied by the relevant capacity utilisation factor determined in accordance with Article 18 2.

By way of derogation from paragraph 2, Member States shall determine the product-related historical activity level for products to which the product benchmarks referred to in Annex III apply on the basis of the median annual historical production according to the formulas set out in this same Annex.

Incumbent installations that are operated only occasionally, including, in particular, installations that are kept in reserve or on standby and installations operating on a seasonal schedule and that have not been operating for at least 1 day in a given calendar year during the baseline period, shall be taken into account when determining the median values referred to in paragraph 1, where all of the following conditions are met:.

Where an incumbent installation has had a significant capacity extension or a significant reduction of capacity between 1 January and 30 June , the historical activity levels of the installation concerned shall be the sum of the median values determined in accordance with paragraph 1 without the significant capacity change and the historical activity levels of the added or reduced capacity.

The historical activity levels of the added or reduced capacity shall be the difference between the initial installed capacities of each sub-installation having had a significant capacity change determined in accordance with Article 7 3 until the start of changed operation and the installed capacity after the significant capacity change determined in accordance with Article 7 4 multiplied by the average historical capacity utilisation of the installation concerned of the years prior to the start of changed operation.

Based on the data collected in accordance with Article 7, Member States shall, for each year, calculate the number of emission allowances allocated free of charge from onwards to each incumbent installation on their territory in accordance with paragraphs 2 to 8.

For the purpose of this calculation, Member States shall first determine the preliminary annual number of emission allowances allocated free of charge for each sub-installation separately as follows:.

To the extent that measurable heat is exported to private households and the preliminary annual number of emission allowances determined in accordance with paragraph 2 b , point i , for is lower than the median annual historical emissions related to the production of measurable heat exported to private households by that sub-installation in the period from 1 January to 31 December , the preliminary annual number of emission allowances for shall be adjusted by the difference.

In each of the years to , the preliminary annual number of emission allowances determined in accordance with paragraph 2 b , point i , shall be adjusted to the extent that the preliminary annual number of emission allowances for that year is lower than a percentage of the abovementioned median annual historical emissions.

The preliminary annual number of emission allowances allocated free of charge for sub-installations that received measurable heat from sub-installations producing products covered by the nitric acid benchmarks referred to in Annex I shall be reduced by the annual historical consumption of that heat during the baseline period referred to in Article 9 1 multiplied by the value of the heat benchmark for this measurable heat as referred to in Annex I.

Where an installation encompasses sub-installations producing pulp short fibre kraft pulp, long fibre kraft pulp, thermo-mechanical pulp and mechanical pulp, sulphite pulp or other pulp not covered by a product benchmark exporting measurable heat to other technically connected sub-installations, the preliminary total amount of emission allowances allocated free of charge shall, without prejudice to the preliminary annual numbers of emission allowances allocated free of charge for other sub-installations of the installation concerned, only take into account the preliminary annual number of emission allowances allocated free of charge to the extent that pulp products produced by this sub-installation are placed on the market and not processed into paper in the same or other technically connected installations.

When determining the preliminary total annual amount of emission allowances allocated free of charge for each installation, Member States shall ensure that emissions are not double counted and that the allocation is not negative.

In particular, where an intermediate product that is covered by a product benchmark according to the definition of the respective system boundaries set out in Annex I is imported by an installation, emissions shall not be double counted when determining the preliminary total annual amount of emission allowances allocated free of charge for both installations concerned.

Where a product-benchmark sub-installation encompasses measurable heat imported from an installation or other entity not included in the Union scheme, the preliminary annual number of emission allowances allocated free of charge for the product benchmark sub-installation concerned determined pursuant to Article 10 2 a shall be reduced by the amount of heat historically imported from an installation or other entity not included in the Union scheme in the year concerned multiplied by the value of the heat benchmark for measurable heat set out in Annex I.

For each product benchmark sub-installation referred to in Annex I with consideration of exchangeability of fuel and electricity, the preliminary annual number of emission allowances allocated free of charge shall correspond to the value of the relevant product benchmark set out in Annex I multiplied by the product-related historical activity level and multiplied by the quotient of the total direct emissions including emissions from net imported heat over the baseline period referred to in Article 9 1 of this Decision expressed as tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent and the sum of these total direct emissions and the relevant indirect emissions over the baseline period referred to in Article 9 1 of this Decision.

For the purposes of the calculation pursuant to paragraph 1, the relevant indirect emissions refer to the relevant electricity consumption as specified in the definition of processes and emissions covered in Annex I during the baseline period referred to in Article 9 1 of this Decision expressed in megawatt-hours for the production of the product concerned times 0, tonnes of carbon dioxide per megawatt-hour and expressed as tonnes of carbon dioxide.

For the purposes of the calculation pursuant to paragraph 1, the emissions from net imported heat refer to the amount of measurable heat for the production of the product concerned imported from installations covered by the Union scheme during the baseline period referred to in Article 9 1 of this Decision multiplied by the value of the heat benchmark as referred to in Annex I.

The list referred to in paragraph 1 shall for each incumbent installation contain, in particular:. Upon receipt of the list referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article, the Commission shall assess the inclusion of each installation in the list and the related preliminary total annual amounts of emission allowances allocated free of charge.

After determination of the final annual amount for all incumbent installations in their territory, Member States shall submit to the Commission a list of the final annual amounts of emission allowances allocated free of charge over the period from to as determined in accordance with Article 10 9.

Upon application by a new entrant, Member States shall determine on the basis of the present rules the amount of allowances to be allocated free of charge once the installation concerned has started normal operation and its initial installed capacity has been determined.

Member States shall only accept applications that are submitted to the competent authority within 1 year following the start of normal operation of the installation or sub-installation concerned.

Member States shall divide the installation concerned in sub-installations in accordance with Article 6 of this Decision and shall require the operator to submit together with the application referred to in paragraph 1 all relevant information and data regarding each parameter listed in Annex V for each sub-installation separately to the competent authority.

If necessary, Member States may require the operator to submit more disaggregated data. Member States shall approve this initial installed capacity of each sub-installation before calculating the allocation to the installation.

Member States shall only accept data submitted pursuant to this Article that has been verified as satisfactory by a verifier, in accordance with the requirements set out in Article 8, to ensure that reliable and correct data is reported.

The standard capacity utilisation factor referred to in paragraph 1 a shall be determined and published by the Commission on the basis of the data collection carried out by Member States in accordance with Article 7 of this Decision.

For each product benchmark set out in Annex I, it shall be the percentile of the average annual capacity utilisation factors of all installations producing the product concerned.

The average annual capacity utilisation factor of each installation producing the product concerned shall correspond to the average annual production of the period to divided by the initial installed capacity.

When determining the relevant capacity utilisation factor referred to in paragraph 1 d in accordance with the previous sentence, Member States shall also take account of duly substantiated and independently verified information on the emission intensity of the input and greenhouse gas efficient techniques.

For installations which had a significant capacity extension after 30 June , Member States shall determine in accordance with paragraph 1 the activity levels only for the added capacity of the sub-installations to which the significant capacity extension relates.

For installations which had a significant capacity reduction after 30 June , Member States shall determine in accordance with paragraph 1 the activity levels only for the reduced capacity of the sub-installations to which the significant capacity reduction relates.

Articles 10 4 to 6 and 8 , 11, 12, 13 and 14 of this Decision shall apply mutatis mutandis to the calculation of the preliminary annual number of emission allowances allocated free of charge.

For independently verified emissions of the new entrant which occurred prior to the start of normal operation, additional allowances shall be allocated on the basis of historic emissions expressed as tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent.

The second sentence of Article 10 7 shall apply. Member States shall notify to the Commission without delay the preliminary total annual amount of emission allowances allocated free of charge.

The Commission may reject the preliminary total annual amount of emission allowances allocated free of charge for the installation concerned.

If the Commission does not reject this preliminary total annual amount of emission allowances allocated free of charge, the Member State concerned shall proceed to the determination of the final annual amount of emission allowances allocated free of charge.

Where an installation has had a significant capacity extension after 30 June , Member States shall, upon application by the operator and without prejudice to the allocation to an installation pursuant to Article 10, determine on the basis of the methodology set out in Article 19 the number of free emission allowances to be allocated, in so far as the extension is concerned.

Member States shall require the operator to submit together with the application evidence demonstrating that the criteria for a significant capacity extension have been met and to provide the information referred to in Article 17 3 to support any allocation decision.

In particular, Member States shall require the operator to submit the added capacity and the installed capacity of the sub-installation after having had a significant capacity extension verified as satisfactory by a verifier, in accordance with the requirements set out in Article 8.

Where an installation has had a significant capacity reduction after 30 June , Member States shall determine the amount by which the number of allowances to be allocated for free is reduced, in so far as this reduction is concerned.

To this end, the Member States shall require the operator to submit the reduced capacity and the installed capacity of the sub-installation after having had a significant capacity reduction verified as satisfactory by a verifier, in accordance with the requirements set out in Article 8.

Member States shall reduce the preliminary annual number of emission allowances allocated free of charge for each sub-installation by the preliminary annual number of emission allowances allocated free of charge for the sub-installation concerned calculated in accordance with Article 19 1 in so far as the significant capacity reduction is concerned.

Member States shall then determine the preliminary total annual amount of the installation concerned according to the methodology applied to determine the preliminary total annual amount prior to the significant capacity reduction and the final total annual amount of emission allowances allocated free of charge to the installation concerned in accordance with Article 10 9.

The allocation to the installation shall be adjusted accordingly as of the year following the one during which the capacity reduction took place or as of , if the significant capacity reduction took place before 1 January An installation is deemed to have ceased operations, where any of the following conditions is met:.

Member States may extent this period up to a maximum of 18 months if the operator can establish that the installation cannot resume operation within 6 months due to exceptional and unforeseeable circumstances that could not have been avoided even if all due care had been exercised and that are beyond the control of the operator of the installation concerned, in particular because of circumstances such as natural disasters, war, threats of war, terrorist acts, revolution, riot, sabotage or acts of vandalism.

Paragraph 1 e shall not apply to installations that are kept in reserve or standby and installations that are operated on a seasonal schedule, where all of the following conditions are fulfilled:.

Where an installation has ceased operation, the Member State concerned shall not issue emission allowances to this installation as of the year following the cessation of operations.

Member States may suspend the issuance of the emission allowances to installations referred to in paragraph 1 e as long as it is not established that the installation will resume operations.

The allocation of emission allowances to an installation that partially ceases operations shall be adjusted as of the year following the year during which it partially ceased operations or as of , if the partial cessation took place before 1 January , as follows:.

Member States shall ensure that all relevant information about any planned or effective changes to the capacity, activity level and operation of an installation is submitted by the operator to the competent authority by 31 December of each year.

The Commission may reject the revised preliminary total annual amount of emission allowances allocated free of charge for the installation concerned.

Definition of product benchmarks and system boundaries without consideration of exchangeability of fuel and electricity.

Coke-oven coke obtained from the carbonisation of coking coal, at high temperature or gas-works coke by-product of gas-works plants expressed as tons of dry coke.

Lignite coke is not covered by this benchmark. Coke oven gas cleaning is included. Agglomerated iron-bearing product containing iron ore fines, fluxes and iron-containing recycling materials with the chemical and physical properties such as the level of basicity, mechanical strength and permeability required to deliver iron and necessary flux materials into iron ore reduction processes.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the process units sinter strand, ignition, feedstock preparation units, hot screening unit, sinter cooling unit, cold screening unit and steam generation unit are included.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the process units blast furnace, hot metal treatment units, blast furnace blowers, blast furnace hot stoves, basic oxygen furnace, secondary metallurgy units, vacuum ladles, casting units including cutting , slag treatment unit, burden preparation, BF gas treatment unit, dedusting units, scrap pre-heating, coal drying for PCI, vessels preheating stands, casting ingots preheating stands, compressed air production, dust treatment unit briquetting , sludge treatment unit briquetting , steam injection in BF unit, steam generation plant, converter BOF gas cooling and miscellaneous are included.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production of pre-bake anodes are included. All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production step electrolysis are included.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production of grey cement clinker are included. All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production of white cement clinker are included.

Lime produced and consumed in the same installation for purification processes is not covered by this product benchmark.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production of lime are included. Dolime or calcined dolomite as mixture of calcium and magnesium oxides produced by the decarbonation of dolomite CaCO 3.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production of dolime are included. All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production of sintered dolime are included.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production steps melter, refiner, working end, bath and lehr are included.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production steps materials handling, melting, forming, downstream processing, packaging and ancillary processes are included.

Melted glass for the production of continuous filament glass fibre products namely chopped strands, rovings, yarns and staple glass fibre and mats expressed as tons of melted glass exiting the foreheath.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production processes glass melting in the furnaces and glass refining in the foreheaths are included.

Downstream processes to convert the fibres into sellable products are not included in this product benchmark.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production processes raw material preparation, component mixing, forming and shaping of ware, drying of ware, firing of ware, product finishing and flue gas cleaning are included.

Clay roofing tiles as defined in EN excluding blue braised roof tiles and accessories. Spray-dried powder for the production of dry-pressed wall and floor tiles in tonnes of powder produced.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production of spray-dried powder are included. Plasters consisting of calcined gypsum or calcium sulphate including for use in building, for use in dressing woven fabrics or surfacing paper, for use in dentistry, for use in land remediation , in tonnes of stucco.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production steps milling, drying and calcining are included.

Dried secondary gypsum synthetic gypsum produced as a recycled by-product of the power industry or recycled material from construction waste and demolition expressed as tons of product.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the drying of secondary gypsum are included. Short fibre kraft pulp is a wood pulp produced by the sulphate chemical process using cooking liquor, characterised by fibre lengths of ,5 mm, which is mainly used for products which require specific smoothness and bulk, as tissue and printing paper, expressed as net saleable production in Adt Air Dried Tonnes.

Other activities on site that are not part of this process such as sawmilling activities, woodworking activities, production of chemicals for sale, waste treatment treating waste onsite instead of offsite drying, pelletising, incinerating, landfilling , PCC precipitated calcium carbonate production, treatment of odorous gases, and district heating are not included.

Long fibre kraft pulp is a wood pulp produced by the sulphate chemical process using cooking liquor, characterised by fibre lengths of ,5 mm, which is mainly used for products for which strength is important, as packaging paper, expressed as net saleable production in Adt Air Dried Tonnes.

Sulphite pulp produced by a specific pulp making process, e. Sulphite pulp can be either bleached or unbleached. Mechanical pulp grades: TMP thermomechanical pulp and groundwood as net saleable production in Adt.

Mechanical pulp can be either bleached or unbleached. Not covered by this group are the smaller subgroups of semichemical pulp CTMP — chemi-thermomechanical pulp and dissolving pulp.

Pulps of fibres derived from recovered waste and scrap paper or paperboard or of other fibrous cellulosic material expressed as net saleable production in Adt.

Newsprint is machine-finished or slightly calendered, white or slightly coloured and is used in reels for letterpress, offset or flexo-printing.

Uncoated fine paper, covering both uncoated mechanical and uncoated woodfree expressed as net saleable production in Adt:. Uncoated woodfree papers suitable for printing or other graphic purposes made from a variety of mainly virgin fibre furnishes, with variable levels of mineral filler and a range of finishing processes.

This grade includes most office papers, such as business forms, copier, computer, stationery and book papers. Coated fine paper covering both coated mechanical and coated woodfree papers expressed as net saleable production in Adt:.

Coated woodfree papers made of fibres produced mainly by a chemical pulping process which are coated in process for different applications and are also known as coated freesheet.

This group focuses mainly on publication papers. The group is also known as coated groundwood. Tissue papers expressed as net saleable production of parent reel cover a wide range of tissue and other hygienic papers for use in households or commercial and industrial premises such as toilet paper and facial tissues, kitchen towels, hand towels and industrial wipes, the manufacture of baby nappies, sanitary towels, etc.

The conversion of parent reel weight to finished products is not part of this product benchmark. Testliner covers types of paperboard that meet specific tests adopted by the packaging industry to qualify for use as the outer facing layer for corrugated board, from which shipping containers are made.

Testliner is made primarily from fibres obtained from recycled fibres. Fluting covers mainly papers made from recycled fibre but this group also holds paperboard that is made from chemical and semi-chemical pulp.

This benchmark covers a wide range of uncoated products expressed as net saleable production in Adt which may be single or multiply.

Uncoated carton board is mainly used for packaging applications which the main needed characteristic is strength and stiffness, and for which the commercial aspects as information carrier are of a second order of importance.

It is mainly used in cartons for consumer products such as frozen food, cosmetics and for liquid containers; also known as solid board, folding box board, boxboard or carrier board or core board.

This benchmark covers a wide range of coated products expressed as net saleable production in Adt which may be single or multiply.

Coated carton board is mainly used for commercial applications that need to bring commercial information printed on the packaging to the shelf in the store in applications such as food, pharma, cosmetics, and other.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production of the benchmarked product as well as the N 2 O destruction process are included except the production of ammonia.

Adipic acid to be recorded in tons of dry purified adipic acid stored in silos or packed in big bags. All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production of the benchmarked product as well as the N 2 O destruction process are included.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production steps direct chlorination, oxychlorination and EDC cracking to VCM are included.

Sum of phenol, acetone and the by-product alpha-methyl styrene as total production. All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production of phenol and acetone are included, in particular air compression, hydroperoxidation, cumene recovery from spent air, concentration and cleavage, production fractionation and purification, tar cracking, acetophenone recovery and purification, AMS recovery for export, AMS hydrogenation for ISB recycle, initial waste water purification first waste water stripper , cooling water generation e.

Disodium carbonate as total gross production except dense soda ash obtained as by-product in a caprolactam production network. All processes directly or indirectly linked to the process units brine purification, limestone calcination and milk of lime production, absorption of ammonia, precipitation of NaHCO 3 , filtration or Separation of NaHCO 3 crystals from mother liquor, decomposition of NaHCO 3 to Na 2 CO 3 , recovery of ammonia and densification or production of dense soda ash are included.

All definitions of processes and emissions covered system boundaries include flares where they occur. In respect of and , further sectors might be added to this list by Commission Decision.

Definition of product benchmarks and system boundaries with consideration of exchangeability of fuel and electricity.

All processes of a refinery matching the definition of one of the CWT process units as well as ancillary non-process facilities operating inside the refinery fence-line such as tankage, blending, effluent treatment, etc.

For the determination of indirect emissions, the total electricity consumption within the system boundaries shall be considered.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the process units electric arc furnace, secondary metallurgy, casting and cutting, post-combustion unit, dedusting unit, vessels heating stands, casting ingots preheating stands, scrap drying and scrap preheating are included.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the process units electric arc furnace, secondary metallurgy, casting and cutting, post-combustion unit, dedusting unit, vessels heating stands, casting ingots preheating stands, slow cooling pit, scrap drying and scrap preheating are included.

The process units FeCr converter and cryogenic storage of industrial gases are not included. Casted iron expressed as tons of liquid iron ready alloyed, skinned, and ready for casting.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the process steps melting shop, casting shop, core shop and finishing are included.

For the determination of indirect emissions, only the electricity consumption of melting processes within the system boundaries shall be considered.

Mineral wool insulation products for thermal, acoustic and fire applications manufactured using glass, rock or slag. All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production steps melting, fibreising and injection of binders, curing and drying and forming are included.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production steps milling, drying, calcining and board drying are included.

For the determination of indirect emissions, only the electricity consumption of heat pumps applied in the drying stage shall be considered.

Furnace carbon black. Gas- and lamp black products are not covered by this benchmark. All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production of furnace carbon black as well as finishing, packaging and flaring are included.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production of the ammonia and the intermediate product hydrogen are included.

Mix of high value chemicals HVC expressed as total mass of acetylene, ethylene, propylene, butadiene, benzene and hydrogen excluding HVC from supplemental feed hydrogen, ethylene, other HVC with an ethylene content in the total product mix of at least 30 mass-percent and a content of HVC, fuel gas, butenes and liquid hydrocarbons of together at least 50 mass-percent of the total product mix.

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production of styrene as well as the intermediate product ethylbenzene with the amount used as feed for the styrene production are included.

In the works of Greek historians, Babylon was distant, exotic and incredible. Classical texts attribute one of the seven wonders of the world to Babylon: the Hanging Gardens; and other texts speak of the wondrous Tower of Babel.

The boundaries of the property encompass the outer walls of the neo-Babylonian capital on all sides.

These limits are well marked by remnants of the fortifications in the form of mounds visible on the ground and they are also confirmed by archaeological surveys.

The buildings and other urban features contained within the property include all archaeological remains since the time of Hammurabi until the Hellenistic period, and specifically urbanistic and architectural products of the Neo-Babylonian period when the city was at the height of its power and glory.

These represent the complete range of attributes of the property as a unique testimony to the Neo-Babylonian civilization, and the material basis for its cultural and symbolic associations.

The property suffers from a variety of threats including illegal constructions, trash dumping and burning, small-scale industrial pollution, urban encroachments and other environmental factors.

At the time of inscription, and despite conservation efforts undertaken since with international collaboration, the general physical fabric of the site is in a critical condition and lacks a well-defined and programmed approach towards conservation.

Whilst the constructions of the 20th century are excluded from the property and now function as above-ground buffer zones within the property area, the future management of these within the overall property will be critical to the preservation of the fragile condition of integrity.

Some physical elements of the site have been viewed as problematic in terms of authenticity, in particular the reconstructions built on archaeological foundations, which aimed at making the scanty archaeological remains better visible to visitors, and the 20th century interventions within the property.

In most cases, however, these additions are discernible from the original remains. Whilst it is a matter of debate whether these did affect the legibility of the spatial organization of the urban core, the inner and outer city limits remain discernible today and approximately 85 percent of the property is unexcavated.

Authenticity of these remains is very vulnerable based on the critical state of conservation of the property.

For the reconstructed sections, the authenticity of the property above-ground is problematic. The height and design of these reconstructions is therefore based on conjecture rather than scientific or archaeological evidence.

These volumetric aspects of the reconstructed monuments and the additions in successive restorations did affect the ability of parts of the property to convey authenticity in form and design with regard to these archaeological remains.

Likewise, based on the introduction of new materials, these monuments illustrate limited authenticity in material and substance. The law is also concerned with surveying, excavating and documenting all archaeological sites and presenting them to the public.

At the provincial level, the Directorate of Antiquities and Heritage of Babil is directly responsible to ensure the conservation, management and monitoring of the property, and works in collaboration with the Antiquity and Heritage Police who maintain a station near the site.

The state of conservation of the property is very concerning and constitutes an ascertained danger in the absence of a coordinated programmed conservation approach with urgent priority interventions.

A management plan has been developed through an in-depth consultation process with local and national stakeholders since and officially endorsed in Both the federal and provincial governments have committed sufficient levels of funding to ensure that the property is conserved, studied and developed for visitors to international standards while protecting its Outstanding Universal Value.

It is essential that the overall principles laid out in the plan are subsequently transferred to concrete actions on site, prioritizing conservation to prevent immediate losses which can occur at any time, in particular in case of rainfalls.

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The information collected by Member States should facilitate the application of this Decision by competent authorities and by the Commission. Based on the data collected in accordance with Article 7, Member States shall, for each year, calculate the number of emission https://faithindesign.co/filme-stream-legal/kabhi-khushi-kabhie-gham-deutsch.php allocated free of charge from onwards to each incumbent installation on their Inferno Online Stream Deutsch in accordance with paragraphs 2 to 8. Member States shall determine the VerrГјckte Familie historical activity level for the baseline period for products to which the dolime product benchmark as referred to in Annex I 278 according to the following formula:. Lignite 278 is not covered by this benchmark. All processes directly Henning Kinder indirectly linked to the production steps melter, refiner, working end, bath and lehr are included. A. F. Morland Tony Ballard # Blutnacht der Zombies Cassiopeiapress Horror BookRix GmbH & Co. KG München Blutnacht der Zombies Tony Ballard. Catherine Spencer, Jennie Adams, Helena Dawson ROMANA EXKLUSIV BAND IMPRESSUM ROMANA EXKLUSIV erscheint in der HarperCollins. Suzanne Carey, Christine Flynn, Laura Anthony BIANCA EXKLUSIV BAND IMPRESSUM BIANCA EXKLUSIV erscheint in der HarperCollins Germany. Nr. In geheimer Mission auf Lemuria Neun Weltraumtramps und Mausbiber Gucky – sie sollen den Fünfzigtausendjahressprung vorbereiten von WILLIAM. Platz durchgehends herzoglich ; in Gefolge desselben werden verdient, da sie einen wesentlichen Theil der vormalidaselbst auch die Schullebrer (S. ). 278

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