Jean DArc Film Inhaltsverzeichnis
Jeanne d'Arc – Die Frau des Jahrtausends (Originaltitel: Joan of Arc) ist ein Historienfilm des Regisseurs Christian Duguay aus dem Jahr In der Haupt-. Kategorie:Film über Jeanne d'Arc. aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie. Zur Navigation springen Zur Suche springen. Seiten in der Kategorie. Wie genau diese aber aussehen soll, das bleibt dem Publikum überlassen. Fast unwillkürlich kommt einem dabei Greta Thurnberg in den Sinn – eine Jeanne. faithindesign.co gab es zwei konkurrierende Produktionen über das Leben von Jeanne D'Arc: Diesen Fernsehfilm und Jean Luc Bessons Kinofilm "Johanna. Jeanne d'Arc ein Film von Bruno Dumont mit Lise Leplat Prudhomme, Fabrice Luchini. Inhaltsangabe: Frankreich, Jeanne d'Arc (Lise Leplat Prudhomme).
"Jeanne d'Arc - Die Frau des Jahrtausends (1+2)", der Film im Kino - Inhalt, Bilder, Kritik, Trailer, Kinoprogramm sowie Kinostart-Termine und Bewertung bei TV. Wie genau diese aber aussehen soll, das bleibt dem Publikum überlassen. Fast unwillkürlich kommt einem dabei Greta Thurnberg in den Sinn – eine Jeanne. In der Musical-Fortsetzung Jeanne d'Arc von Bruno Dumont wird die junge französische Kriegsherrin vor Gericht gestellt und der Ketzerei.
Jean DArc Film - StatistikenAbsolut schwachsinnige Dialoge, keine nachvollziehbare Handlung, null Spannung - und dann die seit langem verbreitete Unsitte, aus allem ein Musical machen zu müssen. Fabrice Luchini. Dumont ist nicht gläubig. Sie singt vom Krieg, die Engländer sind im Land, Frankreich steht de facto unter Besatzung, nicht wenige Fraktionen kollaborieren. Log Line. In der Musical-Fortsetzung Jeanne d'Arc von Bruno Dumont wird die junge französische Kriegsherrin vor Gericht gestellt und der Ketzerei. "Jeanne d'Arc - Die Frau des Jahrtausends (1+2)", der Film im Kino - Inhalt, Bilder, Kritik, Trailer, Kinoprogramm sowie Kinostart-Termine und Bewertung bei TV. Edit page. When that too fails, Joan is taken to Tribute Von Panem Auf Englisch the torture chamber, but the sight, though it causes her to faint, does not intimidate. Spurred by divine voices and visions, fifteenth century teen Joan d'Arc leads French forces against the English. Of the performers, none matches in quality the exquisite photography, art direction or costume design that adorn the film. Dreyer also heard the soundtrack of Joseph-Marie Lo Duca's version of the film which came out in click here s. Zombi Child Jean-Pierre Baude. Listen mit Jeanne d'Arc. Kommentare zu Jeanne d'Arc werden geladen Für Click at this page in Frankreich ist es geradezu Skygo, dass https://faithindesign.co/neue-filme-online-stream/the-boss-baby-kinostart.php einmal in ihrem Please click for source eine Version der Geschichte erzählen. Das könnte dich auch interessieren. Benjamin Demassieux. Kritiker bezweifeln, dass das reicht. Startseite : 0 neue oder aktualisierte Artikel. Jeannes zahlreiche Feinde haben leichtes Spiel und klagen sie der Ketzerei an….
Joan of Arc has remained a popular figure in literature, painting, sculpture, and other cultural works since the time of her death, and many famous writers, playwrights, filmmakers, artists, and composers have created, and continue to create, cultural depictions of her.
The Hundred Years' War had begun in as an inheritance dispute over the French throne , interspersed with occasional periods of relative peace.
Before the appearance of Joan of Arc, the English had nearly achieved their goal of a dual monarchy under English control and the French army had not achieved any major victories for a generation.
In the words of DeVries, "The kingdom of France was not even a shadow of its thirteenth-century prototype.
The French king at the time of Joan's birth, Charles VI , suffered from bouts of insanity  and was often unable to rule. This dispute included accusations that Louis was having an extramarital affair with the queen, Isabeau of Bavaria , and allegations that John the Fearless kidnapped the royal children.
Their faction became known as the "Armagnac" faction , and the opposing party led by the Duke of Burgundy was called the "Burgundian faction".
Henry V of England took advantage of these internal divisions when he invaded the kingdom in , winning a dramatic victory at Agincourt on 25 October and subsequently capturing many northern French towns during a later campaign in This ended in disaster when Armagnac partisans assassinated John the Fearless during a meeting under Charles's guarantee of protection.
The new duke of Burgundy, Philip the Good , blamed Charles for the murder and entered into an alliance with the English.
The allied forces conquered large sections of France. In the queen of France, Isabeau of Bavaria , signed the Treaty of Troyes , which granted the succession of the French throne to Henry V and his heirs instead of her son Charles.
By the time Joan of Arc began to influence events in , nearly all of northern France and some parts of the southwest were under Anglo-Burgundian control.
The English controlled Paris and Rouen while the Burgundian faction controlled Reims , which had served as the traditional site for anointing French kings.
This was an important consideration since neither claimant to the throne of France had been anointed or crowned yet. Several local raids occurred during her childhood and on one occasion her village was burned.
Joan was illiterate and it is believed that her letters were dictated by her to scribes and she signed her letters with the help of others.
At her trial, Joan stated that she was about 19 years old, which implies she thought she was born around She later testified that she experienced her first vision in at the age of 13, when she was in her "father's garden"  and saw visions of figures she identified as Saint Michael , Saint Catherine , and Saint Margaret , who told her to drive out the English and take the Dauphin to Reims for his consecration.
She said she cried when they left, as they were so beautiful. At the age of 16, she asked a relative named Durand Lassois to take her to the nearby town of Vaucouleurs , where she petitioned the garrison commander, Robert de Baudricourt , for an armed escort to take her to the French Royal Court at Chinon.
Baudricourt's sarcastic response did not deter her. Although I would rather have remained spinning [wool] at my mother's side Robert de Baudricourt granted Joan an escort to visit Chinon after news from Orleans confirmed her assertion of the defeat.
She made the journey through hostile Burgundian territory disguised as a male soldier,  a fact that would later lead to charges of "cross-dressing" against her, although her escort viewed it as a normal precaution.
Two of the members of her escort said they and the people of Vaucouleurs provided her with this clothing, and had suggested it to her.
Joan's first meeting with Charles took place at the Royal Court in the town of Chinon in , when she was aged 17 and he After arriving at the Court she made a strong impression on Charles during a private conference with him.
Joan asked for permission to travel with the army and wear protective armor, which was provided by the Royal government.
She depended on donated items for her armor, horse, sword, banner, and other items utilized by her entourage. Historian Stephen W.
Richey explains her attraction to the royal court by pointing out that they may have viewed her as the only source of hope for a regime that was near collapse:.
After years of one humiliating defeat after another, both the military and civil leadership of France were demoralized and discredited.
When the Dauphin Charles granted Joan's urgent request to be equipped for war and placed at the head of his army, his decision must have been based in large part on the knowledge that every orthodox, every rational option had been tried and had failed.
Only a regime in the final straits of desperation would pay any heed to an illiterate farm girl who claimed that the voice of God was instructing her to take charge of her country's army and lead it to victory.
Upon her arrival on the scene, Joan effectively turned the longstanding Anglo-French conflict into a religious war,  a course of action that was not without risk.
Charles' advisers were worried that unless Joan's orthodoxy could be established beyond doubt—that she was not a heretic or a sorceress—Charles' enemies could easily make the allegation that his crown was a gift from the devil.
To circumvent this possibility, the Dauphin ordered background inquiries and a theological examination at Poitiers to verify her morality.
In April , the commission of inquiry "declared her to be of irreproachable life, a good Christian, possessed of the virtues of humility, honesty and simplicity.
This convinced Charles, but they also stated that he had an obligation to put Joan to the test. On the other hand, many of these same noblemen stated that Joan had a profound effect on their decisions since they often accepted the advice she gave them, believing her advice was divinely inspired.
During the five months before her arrival, the defenders had attempted only one offensive assault, which had ended in defeat.
On 4 May, however, the Armagnacs attacked and captured the outlying fortress of Saint Loup bastille de Saint-Loup , followed on 5 May by a march to a second fortress called Saint-Jean-le-Blanc , which was found deserted.
When English troops came out to oppose the advance, a rapid cavalry charge drove them back into their fortresses, apparently without a fight.
The Armagnacs then attacked and captured an English fortress built around a monastery called Les Augustins. That night, Armagnac troops maintained positions on the south bank of the river before attacking the main English stronghold, called "les Tourelles" , on the morning of 7 May.
She was wounded by an arrow between the neck and shoulder while holding her banner in the trench outside les Tourelles, but later returned to encourage a final assault that succeeded in taking the fortress.
The lifting of the siege was interpreted by many people to be that sign, and it gained her the support of prominent clergy such as the Archbishop of Embrun and the theologian Jean Gerson , both of whom wrote supportive treatises immediately following this event.
This was a bold proposal because Reims was roughly twice as far away as Paris and deep within enemy territory.
The English army withdrew from the Loire Valley and headed north on 18 June, joining with an expected unit of reinforcements under the command of Sir John Fastolf.
Joan urged the Armagnacs to pursue, and the two armies clashed southwest of the village of Patay. The battle at Patay might be compared to Agincourt in reverse.
The French vanguard attacked a unit of English archers who had been placed to block the road. A rout ensued that decimated the main body of the English army and killed or captured most of its commanders.
Fastolf escaped with a small band of soldiers and became the scapegoat for the humiliating English defeat.
The French suffered minimal losses. The French army left Gien on 29 June on the march toward Reims and accepted the conditional surrender of the Burgundian-held city of Auxerre on 3 July.
Other towns in the army's path returned to French allegiance without resistance. Troyes , the site of the treaty that tried to disinherit Charles VII, was the only one to put up even brief opposition.
The army was in short supply of food by the time it reached Troyes. But the army was in luck: a wandering friar named Brother Richard had been preaching about the end of the world at Troyes and convinced local residents to plant beans, a crop with an early harvest.
The hungry army arrived as the beans ripened. Reims opened its gates to the army on 16 July The consecration took place the following morning.
The duke violated the purpose of the agreement by using it as a stalling tactic to reinforce the defense of Paris. The French assault at Paris ensued on 8 September.
Despite a wound to the leg from a crossbow bolt , Joan remained in the inner trench of Paris until she was carried back to safety by one of the commanders.
The following morning the army received a royal order to withdraw. A truce with England during the following few months left Joan with little to do.
On 23 March , she dictated a threatening letter to the Hussites , a dissident group which had broken with the Catholic Church on a number of doctrinal points and had defeated several previous crusades sent against them.
Joan's letter promises to "remove your madness and foul superstition, taking away either your heresy or your lives.
The truce with England quickly came to an end. Burgundian troops surrounded the rear guard, and she was pulled off her horse by an archer.
Joan was imprisoned by the Burgundians at Beaurevoir Castle. The English moved Joan to the city of Rouen, which served as their main headquarters in France.
Historian Pierre Champion notes that the Armagnacs attempted to rescue her several times by launching military campaigns toward Rouen while she was held there.
One campaign occurred during the winter of —, another in March , and one in late May shortly before her execution.
These attempts were beaten back. The trial for heresy was politically motivated. The tribunal was composed entirely of pro-English and Burgundian clerics, and overseen by English commanders including the Duke of Bedford and the Earl of Warwick.
Under ecclesiastical law, Bishop Cauchon lacked jurisdiction over the case. The low standard of evidence used in the trial also violated inquisitorial rules.
Opening a trial anyway, the court also violated ecclesiastical law by denying Joan the right to a legal adviser.
In addition, stacking the tribunal entirely with pro-English clergy violated the medieval Church's requirement that heresy trials be judged by an impartial or balanced group of clerics.
Upon the opening of the first public examination, Joan complained that those present were all partisans against her and asked for "ecclesiastics of the French side" to be invited in order to provide balance.
This request was denied. The Vice-Inquisitor of Northern France Jean Lemaitre objected to the trial at its outset, and several eyewitnesses later said he was forced to cooperate after the English threatened his life.
The trial record contains statements from Joan that the eyewitnesses later said astonished the court, since she was an illiterate peasant and yet was able to evade the theological pitfalls the tribunal had set up to entrap her.
The transcript's most famous exchange is an exercise in subtlety: "Asked if she knew she was in God's grace, she answered, 'If I am not, may God put me there; and if I am, may God so keep me.
I should be the saddest creature in the world if I knew I were not in His grace. Church doctrine held that no one could be certain of being in God's grace.
If she had answered yes, then she would have been charged with heresy. If she had answered no, then she would have confessed her own guilt.
The court notary Boisguillaume later testified that at the moment the court heard her reply, "Those who were interrogating her were stupefied.
Several members of the tribunal later testified that important portions of the transcript were falsified by being altered in her disfavor.
Under Inquisitorial guidelines, Joan should have been confined in an ecclesiastical prison under the supervision of female guards i.
Instead, the English kept her in a secular prison guarded by their own soldiers. Bishop Cauchon denied Joan's appeals to the Council of Basel and the Pope, which should have stopped his proceeding.
The twelve articles of accusation which summarized the court's findings contradicted the court record, which had already been doctored by the judges.
The court substituted a different abjuration in the official record. Heresy was a capital crime only for a repeat offense; therefore, a repeat offense of "cross-dressing" was now arranged by the court, according to the eyewitnesses.
Joan agreed to wear feminine clothing when she abjured, which created a problem. According to the later descriptions of some of the tribunal members, she had previously been wearing soldiers' clothing in prison.
Since wearing men's hosen enabled her to fasten her hosen, boots and doublet together, this deterred rape by making it difficult for her guards to pull her clothing off.
She was evidently afraid to give up this clothing even temporarily because it was likely to be confiscated by the judge and she would thereby be left without protection.
A few days after her abjuration, when she was forced to wear a dress, she told a tribunal member that "a great English lord had entered her prison and tried to take her by force.
Her resumption of male military clothing was labeled a relapse into heresy for cross-dressing, although this would later be disputed by the inquisitor who presided over the appeals court that examined the case after the war.
Medieval Catholic doctrine held that cross-dressing should be evaluated based on context, as stated in the Summa Theologica by St.
Thomas Aquinas , which says that necessity would be a permissible reason for cross-dressing. In terms of doctrine, she had been justified in disguising herself as a pageboy during her journey through enemy territory, and she was justified in wearing armor during battle and protective clothing in camp and then in prison.
The Chronique de la Pucelle states that it deterred molestation while she was camped in the field. When her soldiers' clothing was not needed while on campaign, she was said to have gone back to wearing a dress.
Joan referred the court to the Poitiers inquiry when questioned on the matter. The Poitiers record no longer survives, but circumstances indicate the Poitiers clerics had approved her practice.
Her supporters, such as the theologian Jean Gerson , defended her hairstyle for practical reasons, as did Inquisitor Brehal later during the appellate trial.
Boyd described Joan's trial as so "unfair" that the trial transcripts were later used as evidence for canonizing her in the 20th century.
Eyewitnesses described the scene of the execution by burning on 30 May An English soldier also constructed a small cross that she put in the front of her dress.
After she died, the English raked back the coals to expose her charred body so that no one could claim she had escaped alive. They then burned the body twice more, to reduce it to ashes and prevent any collection of relics, and cast her remains into the Seine River.
The Hundred Years' War continued for twenty-two years after her death. Before England could rebuild its military leadership and force of longbowmen lost in , the country lost its alliance with Burgundy when the Treaty of Arras was signed in His weak leadership was probably the most important factor in ending the conflict.
Kelly DeVries argues that Joan of Arc's aggressive use of artillery and frontal assaults influenced French tactics for the rest of the war.
A posthumous retrial opened after the war ended. The purpose of the trial was to investigate whether the trial of condemnation and its verdict had been handled justly and according to canon law.
A formal appeal followed in November The appellate process involved clergy from throughout Europe and observed standard court procedure.
A panel of theologians analyzed testimony from witnesses. The technical reason for her execution had been a Biblical clothing law. The appellate court declared her innocent on 7 July Joan of Arc became a symbol of the Catholic League during the 16th century.
Joan of Arc became a semi-legendary figure for the four centuries after her death. The main sources of information about her were chronicles.
Five original manuscripts of her condemnation trial surfaced in old archives during the 19th century.
Soon, historians also located the complete records of her rehabilitation trial, which contained sworn testimony from witnesses, and the original French notes for the Latin condemnation trial transcript.
Various contemporary letters also emerged, three of which carry the signature Jehanne in the unsteady hand of a person learning to write.
Joan of Arc came from an obscure village and rose to prominence when she was a teenager, and she did so as an uneducated peasant.
The French and English kings had justified the ongoing war through competing interpretations of inheritance law, first concerning Edward III 's claim to the French throne and then Henry VI's.
The conflict had been a legalistic feud between two related royal families, but Joan transformed it along religious lines and gave meaning to appeals such as that of squire Jean de Metz when he asked, "Must the king be driven from the kingdom; and are we to be English?
The people who came after her in the five centuries since her death tried to make everything of her: demonic fanatic, spiritual mystic, naive and tragically ill-used tool of the powerful, creator and icon of modern popular nationalism, adored heroine, saint.
She insisted, even when threatened with torture and faced with death by fire, that she was guided by voices from God.
Voices or no voices, her achievements leave anyone who knows her story shaking his head in amazed wonder. From Christine de Pizan to the present, women have looked to Joan as a positive example of a brave and active woman.
Some of her most significant aid came from women. Finally, Anne of Burgundy , the duchess of Bedford and wife to the regent of England, declared Joan a virgin during pretrial inquiries.
Three separate vessels of the French Navy have been named after her, including a helicopter carrier that was retired from active service on 7 June At present, the French far-right political party Front National holds rallies at her statues, reproduces her image in the party's publications, and uses a tricolor flame partly symbolic of her martyrdom as its emblem.
This party's opponents sometimes satirize its appropriation of her image. Joan of Arc's religious visions have remained an ongoing topic of interest.
She identified Saint Margaret , Saint Catherine , and Saint Michael as the sources of her revelations , although there is some ambiguity as to which of several identically named saints she intended.
Analysis of her visions is problematic since the main source of information on this topic is the condemnation trial transcript in which she defied customary courtroom procedure about a witness oath and specifically refused to answer every question about her visions.
She complained that a standard witness oath would conflict with an oath she had previously sworn to maintain confidentiality about meetings with her king.
It remains unknown to what extent the surviving record may represent the fabrications of corrupt court officials or her own possible fabrications to protect state secrets.
A number of more recent scholars attempted to explain her visions in psychiatric or neurological terms. Potential diagnoses have included epilepsy , migraine , tuberculosis , and schizophrenia.
Philip Mackowiak dismissed the possibility of schizophrenia and several other disorders Temporal Lobe Epilepsy and ergot poisoning in a chapter on Joan of Arc in his book Post-Mortem in Two experts who analyzed the hypothesis of temporal lobe tuberculoma in the medical journal Neuropsychobiology expressed their misgivings about this claim in the following statement:.
It is difficult to draw final conclusions, but it would seem unlikely that widespread tuberculosis, a serious disease, was present in this "patient" whose life-style and activities would surely have been impossible had such a serious disease been present.
He would have been familiar with the signs of madness because his own father, Charles VI, had suffered from it.
Charles VI was popularly known as "Charles the Mad", and much of France's political and military decline during his reign could be attributed to the power vacuum that his episodes of insanity had produced.
The previous king had believed he was made of glass, a delusion no courtier had mistaken for a religious awakening. Fears that King Charles VII would manifest the same insanity may have factored into the attempt to disinherit him at Troyes.
The court of Charles VII was shrewd and skeptical on the subject of mental health. One should not lightly alter any policy because of conversation with a girl, a peasant She remained astute to the end of her life and the rehabilitation trial testimony frequently marvels at her astuteness:.
Often they [the judges] turned from one question to another, changing about, but, notwithstanding this, she answered prudently, and evinced a wonderful memory.
Her subtle replies under interrogation even forced the court to stop holding public sessions. In , a jar was found in a Paris pharmacy with the inscription "Remains found under the stake of Joan of Arc, virgin of Orleans.
Carbon tests and various spectroscopic analyses were performed, and the results determined that the remains come from an Egyptian mummy from the sixth to the third century BC.
The purchasers appealed, including to Queen Elizabeth II , and the ring was allowed to remain in France.
The ring was reportedly first passed to Cardinal Henry Beaufort , who attended Joan's trial and execution in The standard accounts of the life of Joan of Arc have been challenged by revisionist authors.
Claims include: that Joan of Arc was not actually burned at the stake;  that she was secretly the half sister of King Charles VII ;  that she was not a true Christian but a member of a pagan cult;  and that most of the story of Joan of Arc is actually a myth.
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Jeanne d'Arc Annick Lavieville Madame Jacqueline Justine Herbez Monseigneur Regnauld de Chartres Alain Desjacques Messire Raoul de Gaucourt Serge Holvoet Monseigneur Patrice Bernard Julien Manier Le page Marc Parmentier Comte de Clermont Joseph Rigo Learn more More Like This.
Jeannette: The Childhood of Joan of Arc History Musical. Certificate: 16 Drama History. Just Don't Think I'll Scream Certificate: Tous publics Documentary.
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Fire Will Come It Must Be Heaven Edit Storyline In the 15th century, both France and England stake a blood claim for the French throne.
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Jean DArc Film VideoA Paixão de Joana d'Arc (1928) - Carl Theodor Dreyer
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Photos Add Image. Jeanne d'Arc Annick Lavieville Madame Jacqueline Justine Herbez Monseigneur Regnauld de Chartres Alain Desjacques Messire Raoul de Gaucourt Serge Holvoet Monseigneur Patrice Bernard Julien Manier Le page Marc Parmentier Comte de Clermont Joseph Rigo Learn more More Like This.
Jeannette: The Childhood of Joan of Arc History Musical. Certificate: 16 Drama History. Just Don't Think I'll Scream Certificate: Tous publics Documentary.
Certificate: Tous publics Comedy Drama Romance. On a Magical Night Certificate: Tous publics Comedy. Alice and the Mayor Certificate: Tous publics Comedy Drama.
I Was at Home, But Oh Mercy! Certificate: Tous publics Crime Drama. Vitalina Varela Certificate: Tous Public Drama. Gloria Mundi She demands that the judges return and she recants her confession.
As more and more around her begin to recognise her true faith and calling, she is permitted a final communion mass. She is then dressed in sack-cloth and taken to the place of execution.
She helps the executioner tie her bonds. The crowds gather and the fire is lit. The troops prepare for a riot. As the flames consume Joan, the troops and crowd clash and people are killed.
Joan is consumed by the flames, but they protect her soul as it rises to heaven. He later claimed that the final decision on the film's subject matter was determined by drawing matches.
Joan of Arc was in the news in France after World War I , having been canonised as a saint of the Roman Catholic Church in and adopted as one of the patron saints of France.
The rights to Joseph Delteil 's book on Joan of Arc were also purchased for the production, but nothing from Delteil's book was used in the finished film.
However, at the film's premiere Delteil was partially credited as a source. He was initially unimpressed, but upon seeing her a second time the day after, Dreyer said he "felt there was something in her which could be brought out; something she could give, something, therefore, I could take.
For behind the make-up, behind the pose and that ravishing modern appearance, there was something. There was a soul behind that facade.
During the tests, he "found in her face exactly what I wanted for Joan: a country girl, very sincere, but also a woman of suffering.
She agreed to star in the film, secretly hoping that she would not have to cut her hair or forgo make-up.
Jean Renoir praised her performance and said "That shaven head was and remains the abstraction of the whole epic of Joan of Arc.
Dreyer would always clear the set whenever Falconetti needed to act in a particularly emotional or important scene, allowing her to focus without any distractions.
Dreyer often had difficulties explaining himself to Falconetti and was known to turn bright red and begin stammering when passionately directing her.
One cannot push feelings out. They have to arise from themselves, and it is the director's and actor's work in unison to bring them to that point.
For Falconetti, the performance was an ordeal. Legends from the set tell of Dreyer forcing her to kneel painfully on stone and then wipe all expression from her face—so that the viewer would read suppressed or inner pain.
He filmed the same shots again and again, hoping that in the editing room he could find exactly the right nuance in her facial expression.
Among the other cast members was French playwright Antonin Artaud as the monk Massieu. Artaud later stated that the film was meant to "reveal Joan as the victim of one of the most terrible of all perversions: the perversion of a divine principle in its passage through the minds of men, whether they be Church, Government or what you will.
The camerawork of The Passion of Joan of Arc was highly unconventional in its radical emphasis on the actors' facial features. Dreyer shot much of the film in close-up, stating, "There were questions, there were answers- very short, very crisp Each question, each answer, quite naturally called for a close-up In addition, the result of the close-ups was that the spectator was as shocked as Joan was, receiving the questions, tortured by them.
Dreyer often shot the priests and Joan's other interrogators in high contrast lighting, but then shot Joan in soft, even lighting.
The film had one of the most expensive sets ever built for a European film up to that time. Production designers Hermann Warm and Jean Hugo were inspired by medieval miniatures for their designs, adding unnatural angles and perspectives to add to Joan's emotional state of mind.
The castle had towers in all four corners with concrete walls running along the sides. Each wall was 10 centimeters thick so that they could support the weight of actors, technicians and equipment.
Inside the walls were small houses, the courtyard where the burning took place and a cathedral. The entire set was painted pink so that it would appear grey in the black and white film and contrast against the white sky above it.
Despite all of the detail put into the set, only segments of it are ever visible in the film,  which later angered the film's producers since so much money was spent on the set.
Dreyer later expressed, however, that the scope of the set heightened the abilities of the actors and actresses to give convincing performances.
After a few private screenings, it finally premiered in Paris on 25 October at the Cinema Marivaux. The film's release was delayed due to the persistent efforts of many French nationalists — who objected to the fact that Dreyer was neither Catholic nor French, and to the then-rumored casting of Lillian Gish as Joan.
As early as January , Jean-Jose Frappa said that "whatever the talent of the director and he has it And the American 'star' To let this be made in France would be a scandalous abdication of responsibility.
Dreyer was angered by these cuts, as he had no control over them. Later that year on 6 December, a fire at UFA studios in Berlin destroyed the film's original negative; only a few copies of Dreyer's original cut of the film existed.
Dreyer was able to patch together a new version of the original cut using alternate and initially unused takes.
This version was also destroyed in a lab fire. Over the next four decades, it became difficult to find copies of Dreyer's second version, and copies of the original were thought to be even scarcer.
It was re-released in in a minute cut which included a new narration by radio star David Ross, but no intertitles.
Lo Duca then made several significant changes, including the addition of a Baroque score and the replacing of many intertitles with subtitles.
For many years, Lo Duca's version was the only one available. Dreyer himself objected to this cut, however. User Reviews. User Ratings. External Reviews.
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Rate This. A young girl receives a vision that drives her to rid France of its oppressors. Director: Luc Besson.
Writers: Andrew Birkin , Luc Besson. Available on Amazon. Added to Watchlist. From metacritic. Everything New on Netflix in June.
Real stories. Use the HTML below. You must be a registered user to use the IMDb rating plugin. Edit Cast Cast overview, first billed only: Rab Affleck Bishop David Bailie English Judge David Barber English Judge Christian Barbier Captain Timothy Bateson English Judge David Begg Nobleman - Rouen's Castle Christian Bergner Captain Andrew Birkin Talbot Dominic Borrelli English Judge John Boswall Old Priest Matthew Bowyer Domremy's Priest Bruce Byron Learn more More Like This.
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